𝗚𝗮𝗻𝗴𝗮 𝗥𝗶𝘃𝗲𝗿 𝗦𝘆𝘀𝘁𝗲𝗺 :
The River Ganges is more than 2,500km long and has the most populated river basin in the world. The Ganges is the longest river in India and also the largest river in India followed by Godavari (1465 kms).
Its five headstreams—the Bhagirathi, the Alaknanda, the Mandakini, the Dhauliganga, and the Pindar, meets Ganga at different Prayags namely Vishnu Prayag, Karan prayag, Rudra prayag, Nand prayag, Devprayag – all rise in the mountainous region of northern Uttarakhand state.
The major tributaries rivers of the Ganges are: Ramganga, Gomti, Ghaghara, Gandaki, Burhi Gandak, Koshi, Mahananda, Tamsa, Yamuna, Son, and Punpun.
Hindus bring their dead to the river for cremation along its banks and afterward their ashes are spread in the river as they believes waters of the Ganges River are needed to reach the World of the Ancestors, Pitriloka.
Ganga is also the home for fresh water dolphins and Ganges sharks, both of which are endangered species with Ganges shark being critically endangered.
The Ganges was ranked as the fifth most polluted river of the world in 2007. Pollution threatens not only humans, but also more than 140 fish species, 90 amphibian species. In the late 1980s, India’s prime minister, Rajiv Gandhi began the Ganga Action Plan (GAP) to clean up the Ganges River.
The mouth of River Ganga forms the world’s largest delta, known as Sunderbans, and was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1997.
𝗕𝗿𝗮𝗵𝗺𝗮𝗽𝘂𝘁𝗿𝗮 𝗥𝗶𝘃𝗲𝗿 𝗗𝗿𝗮𝗶𝗻𝗮𝗴𝗲 𝗦𝘆𝘀𝘁𝗲𝗺 :
The Brahmaputra, meaning, “the son of Brahma”also known as the Yarlung Tsangpo in Tibet, the Siang/Dihang River in Arunachal Pradesh, and Luit in Assamese, is a trans-boundary river which flows through Tibet, China, India, and Bangladesh.
It is the widest river in India. The river originates from the Angsi glacier in the Lake Manasarovar region close to Mount Kailash and then flows for more than 3,969km and finally drains into the Bay of Bengal.
The Brahmaputra River is considered the 15th longest river and the 9th largest river in the world by discharge volume.
Its major left bank tributaries are the Burhi Dihing, Dhansari (South) and Kalang whereas the important right bank tributaries are the Subansiri, Kameng, Manas and Sankosh.
Majuli, the largest riverine island in the world is situated right at the heart of Assam on the turbulent waters of the Brahmaputra River. It is also called the cultural capital of Assam.
– “Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon”, which is considered as one of the largest and the deepest canyons in the world.
– Most rivers on the Indian subcontinent have female names, this river has a rare male name.
– The spring named Tamchok khambab is considered the origin of the river Brahmaputra.
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